Rejuvenate Your Circulatory Health, Empower Vascular Vitality

Welcome to Chord Road's Vascular Surgery sub-department

Anaesthesia care for patients undergoing surgery, medical operations, or dealing with pain is the primary goal of anesthesiology. Chord Road Hospital's anesthesiology sub-department comprises a highly qualified and experienced group of anesthesiologists dedicated to ensuring the patient's comfort, safety, and well-being throughout their perioperative experience. Here is an overview of the services offered in our Anesthesiology sub-departments:At Chord Road, we provide a comprehensive range of services in Vascular Surgery, specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of conditions affecting the blood vessels. Our skilled team of vascular surgeons utilizes advanced techniques and state-of-the-art technology to deliver high-quality care to our patients.

For more detailed information about each sub-specialty and the services we offer, please explore the respective sections below.

Endovascular Surgery

Endovascular Surgery is a minimally invasive approach to treat vascular conditions. It involves accessing the blood vessels through small incisions and using catheters and specialized instruments to repair or treat the affected area. Our expert team offers a wide range of endovascular procedures, including angioplasty, stenting, and endovascular aneurysm repair.

Common conditions treated under Endovascular Surgery

Endovascular Surgery is utilized to treat various vascular conditions, including:

  • Aneurysms: Endovascular techniques can be employed to treat both abdominal and thoracic aortic aneurysms, as well as aneurysms in other peripheral arteries.
  • Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD): Endovascular interventions are commonly used to address arterial blockages in the legs, improving blood flow and relieving symptoms such as pain and claudication.
  • Carotid Artery Disease: Endovascular procedures, such as carotid artery stenting, can be performed to treat narrowed or blocked carotid arteries, reducing the risk of stroke.
  • Renal Artery Disease: Endovascular techniques may be employed to treat renal artery stenosis, a condition that affects blood flow to the kidneys.

Advanced Technology and Techniques used in Endovascular Interventions

Endovascular surgery utilizes advanced technology and techniques to perform minimally invasive procedures. Some of the advanced technologies and techniques used in endovascular interventions include:

  • Angiography: This imaging technique involves injecting a contrast dye into the blood vessels, followed by X-ray imaging to visualize the anatomy and identify blockages or abnormalities.
  • Fluoroscopy: Fluoroscopy is a real-time X-ray imaging technique that allows the surgeon to visualize the placement of catheters, wires, and devices during the procedure.
  • Catheter-Based Interventions: Endovascular surgery involves the use of various catheters, wires, and devices to access the affected blood vessels and perform interventions. These may include balloon angioplasty catheters, stent delivery systems, atherectomy devices, and embolization materials.
  • Stents and Stent Grafts: Stents are expandable mesh-like structures that are placed within narrowed or weakened blood vessels to keep them open and restore normal blood flow. Stent grafts are specially designed stents used in treating aortic aneurysms and other vascular conditions.
  • Endovascular Aneurysm Repair (EVAR): EVAR is a technique used to treat abdominal or thoracic aortic aneurysms. It involves the placement of a stent graft within the aneurysm to exclude it from the circulation and prevent rupture
Benefits of Endovascular Surgery
  • Minimally Invasive: Endovascular surgery is a minimally invasive approach that involves smaller incisions compared to traditional open surgeries, leading to less trauma, reduced pain, and faster recovery.
  • Reduced Risk of Complications: The use of catheters and specialized devices minimizes the need for extensive surgical dissection, lowering the risk of complications such as infection, bleeding, and scarring.
  • Shorter Hospital Stay: Endovascular procedures often allow for shorter hospital stays, enabling patients to return to their normal activities sooner.
  • Faster Recovery: The minimally invasive nature of endovascular surgery typically results in a quicker recovery time, allowing patients to resume their daily routines and activities with less downtime.
  • Effective Treatment: Endovascular techniques have shown excellent outcomes in treating various vascular conditions, including arterial blockages, aneurysms, and peripheral artery disease.
Benefits of Endovascular Surgery
  • After the procedure, patients are monitored in a recovery area to ensure their vital signs stabilize and there are no immediate complications.
  • Some patients may need to stay in the hospital for a brief observation period, while others can be discharged the same day or within a couple of days, depending on the specific procedure.
  • Post-operative care involves following the surgeon's instructions, which may include rest, wound care, medication management, and activity restrictions.
  • Gradual resumption of regular activities is usually encouraged, and patients may be advised to avoid strenuous exercise or heavy lifting for a certain period.
  • Follow-up appointments are scheduled to monitor the healing process, assess the treatment's effectiveness, and address any concerns or complications that may arise.

Venous Surgery

Venous Surgery focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of conditions affecting the veins. Our specialized team provides comprehensive evaluation and management of venous disorders, including varicose veins, deep vein thrombosis, and venous insufficiency. We offer various treatment options, including minimally invasive procedures like endogenous laser therapy, sclerotherapy, and vein stripping.

Common conditions treated under Venous Surgery

Venous Surgery focuses on the treatment of various venous conditions, including:

  1. Varicose Veins: Venous surgery can address the presence of enlarged, twisted veins typically found in the legs. Procedures like endovenous laser therapy (EVLT), sclerotherapy, and vein stripping are commonly used.
  2. Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT): Venous surgery may be necessary to manage or treat deep vein thrombosis, which involves the formation of blood clots in the deep veins, usually in the legs.
  3. Venous Insufficiency: Venous surgery can help alleviate the symptoms of venous insufficiency, such as leg swelling, pain, and skin changes, by improving venous circulation.
Surgical Procedures for the Management of Venous Diseases

Venous surgery aims to treat venous diseases and restore proper venous circulation. The surgical procedures commonly performed for the management of venous diseases include:

  1. Vein Ligation and Stripping: This procedure involves the ligation (tying off) and removal (stripping) of the affected veins, such as varicose veins or incompetent perforator veins, to alleviate symptoms and improve blood flow.
  2. Saphenous Vein Ablation: Also known as endovenous thermal ablation, this minimally invasive procedure uses laser or radiofrequency energy to heat and close off the diseased saphenous vein, thereby redirecting blood flow to healthy veins.
  3. Ambulatory Phlebectomy: Ambulatory phlebectomy is a minimally invasive technique used to remove superficial varicose veins through tiny incisions. It involves the use of specialized hooks or forceps to extract the affected veins.
  4. Sclerotherapy: Sclerotherapy is a non-surgical procedure where a solution is injected directly into the affected veins, causing them to shrink and eventually fade away. It is commonly used for the treatment of spider veins and small varicose veins.

Importance of Early Diagnosis and Treatment of Venous Disorders

  • Preventing Complications: Early diagnosis and treatment of venous disorders, such as varicose veins and venous insufficiency, can help prevent the progression of the condition and the development of complications.
  • Symptom Relief: Timely intervention can alleviate symptoms associated with venous disorders, such as leg pain, swelling, heaviness, and fatigue, improving the patient's quality of life.
  • Improved Venous Circulation: Treating venous disorders early can restore proper venous circulation, preventing blood pooling and promoting efficient blood flow back to the heart.
  • Prevention of Skin Changes: Addressing venous disorders in their early stages can help prevent skin changes, such as discoloration, skin ulcers, and dermatitis, which can be challenging to treat once they occur.
  • Enhanced Long-Term Outcomes: Early diagnosis and treatment provide better long-term outcomes, reducing the need for more invasive procedures and minimizing the risk of complications.

Hemodialysis Access Surgery

Hemodialysis Access Surgery involves creating or managing vascular access for patients undergoing hemodialysis treatment. Our experienced surgeons perform procedures such as arteriovenous fistula (AVF) creation, arteriovenous graft (AVG) placement, and catheter insertion for reliable and efficient hemodialysis access.

Common conditions treated under Hemodialysis Access Surgery

Hemodialysis Access Surgery focuses on creating or managing vascular access for patients requiring hemodialysis treatment. The following conditions are treated under Hemodialysis Access Surgery:

  • Arteriovenous Fistula (AVF): Hemodialysis access surgeons create arteriovenous fistulas by surgically connecting an artery and a vein. This procedure allows for efficient removal and return of blood during hemodialysis.
  • Arteriovenous Graft (AVG): In cases where a fistula cannot be created, an arteriovenous graft is surgically placed, connecting an artery and a vein using a synthetic tube. This alternative provides a suitable site for hemodialysis access.
  • Catheter Insertion: Hemodialysis access surgeons can also insert catheters directly into a large vein, typically in the neck or chest, as a temporary or long-term option for hemodialysis access.

Evaluation Process and Surgical Options for Hemodialysis Patients

Hemodialysis access surgery aims to create a suitable access point for patients undergoing hemodialysis. The evaluation process and surgical options for hemodialysis patients typically involve:

  • Evaluation: Before the surgery, the patient undergoes a comprehensive evaluation to assess their vascular health and identify suitable access options. This may include vascular imaging, such as ultrasound or angiography, to assess the size and condition of blood vessels.
  • Arteriovenous Fistula (AVF): The creation of an AVF is the preferred surgical option for hemodialysis access. It involves surgically connecting an artery and a vein, usually in the arm, to form a durable access point. The AVF requires time to mature and develop adequate blood flow before it can be used for hemodialysis.
  • Arteriovenous Graft (AVG): In cases where an AVF cannot be created due to inadequate vessels, an AVG may be considered. An AVG involves using a synthetic tube to connect an artery and a vein, providing an access point for hemodialysis.
  • Catheter-Based Access: In some cases, a temporary catheter may be used as a temporary access option until a permanent AVF or AVG is established. Catheter-based access involves inserting a catheter into a large vein, usually in the neck or chest, for immediate hemodialysis access.
  • Regular Monitoring: Hemodialysis access sites, such as arteriovenous fistulas (AVF) or grafts (AVG), require regular monitoring by healthcare professionals to ensure their patency and functionality.
  • Proper Hygiene: Patients should maintain good hygiene practices to prevent infections at the access site. This includes keeping the area clean, avoiding unnecessary touching or trauma, and following specific care instructions provided by the healthcare team.
  • Avoidance of Constriction: It is important to avoid tight clothing or accessories that can constrict the access site and impede blood flow.
  • Protecting the Access Site: Patients are advised to be cautious to prevent any injury or trauma to the access site, as this can compromise its function and require additional interventions.
  • Regular Check-ups: Routine follow-up appointments with the healthcare team are necessary to evaluate the access site, assess its functionality, and detect any issues early on.
  • Education and Self-Care: Patients should receive education on proper care techniques, signs of complications to watch for, and when to seek medical attention to ensure optimal long-term management of their hemodialysis access site.

Radiofrequency Ablation

Radiofrequency Ablation is a minimally invasive procedure used to treat certain vascular conditions, such as varicose veins and venous reflux disease. It involves using radiofrequency energy to heat and close off problematic veins. This procedure offers an effective alternative to traditional surgical methods, with less pain and faster recovery.

Common conditions treated under Radiofrequency Ablation

Radiofrequency Ablation is primarily used for the treatment of venous conditions, including:

  • Varicose Veins: Radiofrequency ablation can effectively treat varicose veins by delivering thermal energy to close off and seal the affected veins.
  • Venous Reflux Disease: Radiofrequency ablation is often used to address venous reflux, a condition in which faulty valves in the veins cause blood to flow in the wrong direction. By closing off the affected veins, this procedure improves venous circulation and reduces symptoms.

Procedure and Use of Radiofrequency Energy for Tissue Ablation

Radiofrequency ablation is a minimally invasive procedure used to treat certain vascular conditions. Here's how the procedure works and how radiofrequency energy is used to ablate targeted tissues:

Pre-operative evaluation and patient instructions for ambulatory surgeries
  • Procedure: During radiofrequency ablation, a thin, flexible catheter is inserted into the affected blood vessel under image guidance. The catheter tip contains electrodes that generate radiofrequency energy.
  • Ablation: The catheter is carefully positioned at the desired treatment site, and radiofrequency energy is delivered to the targeted tissue. The energy heats the tissue, causing coagulation and destruction of the tissue, such as a varicose vein or abnormal vein segment.
  • Closure and Absorption: Once the tissue is ablated, the vein or targeted tissue collapses and is eventually absorbed by the body over time. Blood flow is redirected to healthy veins, improving overall venous circulation.
Benefits of Radiofrequency Ablation
  • Minimally Invasive: Radiofrequency ablation is a minimally invasive procedure that does not require open surgery, resulting in smaller incisions, less trauma, and reduced scarring.
  • High Success Rates: Radiofrequency ablation has shown high success rates in treating conditions such as varicose veins and venous reflux, providing long-term relief from symptoms and improving overall venous circulation.
  • Outpatient Procedure: In many cases, radiofrequency ablation can be performed as an outpatient procedure, allowing patients to return home on the same day of treatment.
  • Minimal Discomfort: The use of local anesthesia during the procedure minimizes discomfort, and patients generally experience little to no pain during the treatment.
  • Quick Recovery: Recovery after radiofrequency ablation is typically fast, with most patients able to resume their normal activities within a short period, often within a day or two.
Recovery Process of Radiofrequency Ablation
  • Following the procedure, patients are usually monitored for a short period before being discharged home.
  • Mild discomfort or bruising at the treatment site is common, but this typically resolves within a few days.
  • Patients are advised to wear compression stockings as recommended by their healthcare provider to aid in healing and promote proper blood flow.
  • Regular walking and light activities are encouraged to enhance circulation and promote healing.
  • Follow-up appointments are scheduled to assess the treatment outcome, monitor any potential complications, and determine the need for additional sessions if required.


Call our appointment helpline or use our website to book a vascular surgeon consultation at Chord Road Hospital. Our staff can assist you in scheduling a convenient appointment.

Yes, Chord Road Hospital provides advanced minimally invasive vascular procedures, including endovascular techniques, which result in smaller incisions, reduced scarring, faster recovery times, and excellent outcomes for our patients.

The recovery period after vascular surgery varies depending on the type of procedure performed, but most patients can expect to return to normal activities within a few weeks to a couple of months.